What’s dental erosion?

Erosion is the lack of tooth enamel brought on by acid assault. Enamel is the exhausting, protecting coating of the tooth, which protects the delicate dentine beneath. When the enamel is worn away, the dentine beneath is uncovered, which can result in ache and sensitivity.

How do I do know I’ve dental erosion?

Erosion normally exhibits up as hollows within the enamel and a normal sporting away of the tooth floor and biting edges. This could expose the dentine beneath, which is a darker, yellower color than the enamel. As a result of the dentine is delicate, your enamel can be extra delicate to warmth and chilly, or acidic meals and drinks.

What causes dental erosion?

Each time you eat or drink something acidic, the enamel in your enamel turns into softer for a short time, and loses a few of its mineral content material. Your saliva will slowly cancel out this acidity in your mouth and get it again to its pure stability. Nonetheless, if this acid assault occurs too usually, your mouth doesn’t have an opportunity to restore itself and tiny bits of enamel could be brushed away. Over time, you begin to lose the floor of your enamel.

Are there any medical issues which might trigger dental erosion?

Bulimia is a situation the place sufferers make themselves sick in order that they shed extra pounds. As a result of there are excessive ranges of acid within the vomit, this could trigger injury to tooth enamel.

Acids produced by the abdomen can come up into the mouth (that is known as gastro-oesophageal reflux). Individuals affected by hiatus hernia or oesophageal issues, or who drink an excessive amount of alcohol, can also discover they endure from dental erosion because of vomiting.

Can my eating regimen assist forestall dental erosion?

Acidic meals and drinks may cause erosion. Acidity is measured by its ‘pH worth’, and something that has a pH worth decrease than 5.5 is extra acidic and may hurt your enamel.

Fizzy drinks, sodas, pops and carbonated drinks may cause erosion. You will need to do not forget that even the ‘eating regimen’ manufacturers are nonetheless dangerous. Even flavoured fizzy waters can have an impact if drunk in massive quantities, as they include weak acids which might hurt your enamel.

Acidic meals and drinks equivalent to fruit and fruit juices – significantly citrus ones together with lemon and orange – include pure acids which could be dangerous to your enamel, particularly when you’ve got a number of them usually.

‘Alcopops’, ‘coolers’ and ‘designer drinks’ that include acidic fruits and are fizzy may cause erosion too.

Plain, nonetheless water is the most effective drink for enamel. Milk can be good as a result of it helps to cancel out the acids in your mouth.

Are sports activities drinks secure?

Many sports activities drinks include components that may trigger dental erosion in addition to decay. Nonetheless, it will be important for athletes to keep away from dehydration as a result of this could result in a dry mouth and bad breath.

What can I do to stop dental erosion?

There are a variety of issues you are able to do:

  • Have acidic meals and drinks, and fizzy drinks, sodas and pops, simply at mealtimes. It will cut back the variety of acid assaults in your enamel.
  • Drink shortly, with out holding the drink in your mouth or ‘swishing’ it round your mouth. Or use a straw to assist drinks go to the again of your mouth and keep away from lengthy contact along with your enamel.
  • End a meal with cheese or milk as it will assist cancel out the acid.
  • Chew sugar-free gum after consuming. It will assist produce extra saliva to assist cancel out the acids which kind in your mouth after consuming.
  • Anticipate at the very least one hour after consuming or ingesting something acidic earlier than brushing your enamel. This offers your enamel time to construct up their mineral content material once more.
  • Brush your enamel very last thing at night time and at the very least one different time through the day, with fluoride toothpaste. Use a small-headed brush with medium to smooth bristles.
  • Kids as much as three years outdated ought to use a toothpaste with a fluoride stage of at the very least 1000ppm (elements per million). Three-year-olds to adults ought to use a toothpaste that comprises 1350ppm to 1500ppm. 
  • Spit out after brushing and don’t rinse, in order that the fluoride stays in your enamel longer.

Ought to I exploit some other particular merchandise?

In addition to utilizing a fluoride toothpaste, your dental group might counsel you utilize a fluoride-containing mouthwash and have a fluoride varnish utilized at the very least each six months. They might additionally prescribe a toothpaste with extra fluoride in it.

How can it’s handled?

Dental erosion doesn’t all the time should be handled. With common check-ups and recommendation your dental group can forestall the issue getting any worse and the erosion going any additional. If a tooth does want therapy, it is very important defend the enamel and the dentine beneath to stop sensitivity.

Normally, merely bonding a filling onto the tooth will probably be sufficient to restore it. Nonetheless, in additional extreme instances the dentist may have to suit a veneer.

How a lot will therapy value?

Prices will fluctuate, relying on the kind of therapy you want.

You will need to discuss all of the therapy choices along with your dental group and get a written estimate of the associated fee earlier than beginning therapy.

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Want extra recommendation?

In case you want free and neutral recommendation about your oral well being, contact our Dental Helpline by electronic mail or name considered one of our dental advisors on 01788 539 780 totally free recommendation (native fee name).

Our Dental Helpline is totally confidential and has helped nearly 400,000 individuals since opening over 20 years in the past. Contact our specialists by phone, electronic mail or on-line enquiry, Monday to Friday, 09:00 – 17:00.


An investigation into the results of sport complement drinks on dental well being. R Kidner, Dental Well being Vol 42 No 2 of 6 March.

Dental erosion – altering prevalence? A evaluate of British nationwide youngsters’s surveys. J Nunn and others, Worldwide Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, Quantity 13, Concern 2, Web page 98, March 2003.

Dental Erosion and Acid Reflux Illness. Schroeder and others, Annals of Inside Medication, 1 June 1995; 122: pages 809-815.